Journal of American History

Presidential Address

Reasons to Talk about Tobacco

Auctioneer, buyers, and farmers during tobacco auction sale. Warehouse. Durham, North Carolina, November 1939. Photo by Marion Post Wolcott. Courtesy Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USF34-52790.
Courtesy Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USF34-52790.

In his presidential address to the 2009 Organization of American Historians convention, Pete Daniel focuses on a chance encounter in 1939 of Farm Security Administration photographer Marion Post Wolcott and Southern Writers’ Project interviewer Leonard Rapport. Through his interviewing experience with dozens of people around the Durham, North Carolina, tobacco warehouses, Rapport was able to introduce Wolcott to auctioneers, buyers, farmers, and the carnival of salesmen and shysters at the auctions. Using both photographs by Walcott and Rapport’s interviews and unpublished manuscript, Daniel describes the annual routine of tobacco farmers, the pilgrimage to the warehouse where their crops were auctioned in a matter of seconds to buyers they distrusted, and a vibrant labor-intensive tobacco culture before it was doomed by science, technology, and government intrusion. (pp. 663–77)
View the online version with additional materials >
Read online >


Circulating Race and Empire: Transnational Labor Activism and the Politics of Anti-Asian Agitation in the Anglo-American Pacific World, 1880–1910

L. Fongoun and Company after the 1907 Vancouver, British Columbia, riots. This store was one of over a hundred Chinatown businesses that filed claims for damages, which totaled about $26,000. Courtesy University of British Columbia Special Collections.
Courtesy University of British Columbia Special Collections.

In the early twentieth century, the Pacific Northwest borderlands were battered by a wave of anti-Asian violence and unrest. While historians have studied these events, they have confined their analysis to national frameworks and narratives. Kornel Chang argues that these actions should be viewed together as part of a broader history of white settler colonialism. He traces the local and global circulation of white working people and their ideas, following them across the U.S.-Canadian boundary and around the Pacific world. Chang shows how movements and exchanges that spanned the Anglophone settler colonial world shaped and spurred working-class xenophobia and anti-Asian agitation in the Pacific Northwest. (pp. 678–701) Read online >

When the “Jungle” Met the Forest: Public Work, Civil Defense, and Prison Camps in Postwar California

Along a ridge in the Los Padres National Forest north of Santa Barbara, conservation camp inmates march behind their forestry foremen toward a brush fire that charred over 24,000 acres in June 1966. Suggesting both military discipline and service, the California Department of Corrections praised these “specially trained and conditioned” prisoners for attacking the fire “like soldiers [in] battle.” Reprinted from California Department of Corrections, Biennial Report: Correctional Progress, 1965, 1966 (Sacramento, 1966), cover. Courtesy California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
Courtesy California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.

After World War II, California’s forest labor camps offered prisoners unusual liberties and community respect in return for often-dangerous public works labor. But the Golden State’s fast–changing urban and rural landscapes eventually soured residents on this popular prison rehabilitation experiment and turned the conservation camp program into a catalyst for today’s prison geography. Volker Janssen draws on research in the correspondence of the California Department of Corrections to highlight the role of Cold War military culture in prison reform. Exploring the racial, urban–rural, and political conflicts sparked by the conservation camp program, Janssen argues that prisons and incarceration policies are central to understanding the connection between America’s urban crisis and law-and-order conservatism. (pp. 702–26) Read online >

For suggestions on how to use this article in the U.S. history classroom, see our “Teaching the JAH,” Web project at

“Made-in-America Revolutions”? The “Black University” and the American Role in the Decolonization of the Black Atlantic

Students from Iran, Jordan, Norway, Somalia, and Jamaica pose for publicity materials in front of Founders Library on the Howard University campus in 1957.  These students represented five of the thirty-nine countries with students attending Howard, though the bulk of foreign students then at Howard, Lincoln, and other black colleges and universities came from Africa and the Caribbean. Courtesy National Archives, Records of the United States Information Agency.
Courtesy National Archives, Records of the United States Information Agency.

The black freedom struggle in the United States and the independence movements in the “Third World” are often told as separate stories. Jason C. Parker argues that these fights were the foreign and domestic threads of the same global race revolution that redefined citizenship in the United States and redrew much of the world’s map. In the twentieth century, those threads, Parker suggests, became interwoven on the campuses of American black colleges. There, the future leadership of the “Black Atlantic” encountered African American peers who were fomenting the civil rights movement. As three generations of foreign-born blacks studied and worked in this environment, the campuses abetted the development of a transnational “imagined community” that would influence the black freedom struggle in both its American and colonial contexts. (pp. 727–50) Read online >

The Black Power Movement: A State of the Field

The first African Liberation Day, May 27, 1972, featured simultaneous demonstrations in Washington, D.C., San Francisco, and the Caribbean that drew a total of sixty thousand demonstrators in support of indigenous rule in Africa. This photo is from the Washington, D.C., demonstration. ©Washington Post; reprinted by permission of the District of Columbia Public Library.
©Washington Post; reprinted by permission of the District of Columbia Public Library.

Black power remains perhaps the most controversial social movement to come out of the 1960s. Usually characterized as the outgrowth of disappointment, outrage, and frustration felt by black urban Americans over the slow pace of change in the wake of civil rights legislation, the movement is undergoing a dramatic and extensive historical reevaluation. Historians are now focusing more on substance than symbolism and have found the movement to be more varied and pragmatic than popular memory usually suggests. Peniel E. Joseph examines how the emerging subfield of black power studies is transforming the rich historiography of the black freedom struggle as well as the related fields of urban, women’s, political, and intellectual history. Joseph contends that this new scholarship has helped rewrite post-1945 American history by viewing civil rights and black power activism as parallel and intersecting movements rather than mutually exclusive ones. (pp. 751–76) Read online >

Peniel E. Joseph is also featured in the December 2009 podcast. Listen online or subscribe at

Exhibition Reviews

The gallery space in the Gettysburg Museum of the American Civil War integrates military and social history into a single interpretive experience. Battlefield artifacts are not segregated from home front exhibits, as seen by the juxtaposition of the “The War Comes Home” case (in the foreground) and the displays around it that focus on the military side of the 1863 Pennsylvania Campaign. Courtesy Gettysburg Museum of the American Civil War.
Courtesy Gettysburg Museum of the American Civil War.
  • “Introduction,” by Benjamin Filene and Brian Horrigan (p. 777) Read online >
  • “Written in Bone: Forensic Files of the Seventheeth-Century Chesapeake,” by Kenneth Cohen (pp. 778–81) Read online >
  • The Newseum, by Bruce A. Williams (pp. 782–88) Read online >
  • “America I AM: The African American Imprint,” by Carole Merritt (pp. 788–92) Read online >
  • “Seeking Justice: The Leo Frank Case Revisited,” by Natasha Barnes (pp. 792–96) Read online >
  • “Blue Ridge Parkway, America’s Favorite Journey”; and “ Within a Day’s Drive of Millions,” by Anne Mitchell Whisnant and David E. Whisnant (pp. 797–803) Read online >
  • The Gettysburg Museum of the American Civil War, by Peter S. Carmichael (pp. 804–8) Read online >
  • “Road to Freedom: Photographs of the Civil Rights Movement, 1956–1968”; and “After 1868: Contemporary Artists and the Civil Rights Legacy,” by Mark Speltz (pp. 808–11) Read online >

Book Reviews

Dec. 2009, Vol. 96 No. 3

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.

  • Ahlberg, Transplanting the Great Society: Lyndon Johnson and Food for Peace, by Martin Lorenz-Meyer
  • Alexander, African or American? Black Identity and Political Activism in New York City, 1784–1861, by Jason K. Duncan
  • Alinder, Moving Images: Photography and the Japanese American Incarceration, by Eric L. Muller
  • Anderson, Industrializing the Corn Belt: Agriculture, Technology, and Environment, 1945–1972, by James E. McWilliams
  • Andersson, The Lakota Ghost Dance of 1890, by Harvey Markowitz
  • Avella, Sacramento and the Catholic Church: Shaping a Capital City, by Robert M. Senkewicz
  • Baker, This Mob Will Surely Take My Life: Lynchings in the Carolinas, 1871–1947, by Dennis B. Downey
  • Bakken, The Mining Law of 1872: Past, Politics, and Prospects, by Kathleen A. Brosnan
  • Barber, Reno’s Big Gamble: Image and Reputation in the Biggest Little City, by Michael Scott Green
  • Bauman, Race and the War on Poverty: From Watts to East L.A., by Stephen Pimpare
  • Berman, Speaking of Jews: Rabbis, Intellectuals, and the Creation of an American Public Identity, by Jonathan D. Sarna
  • Bickham, Making Headlines: The American Revolution as Seen through the British Press, by Stephanie Kermes
  • Bordogna, William James at the Boundaries: Philosophy, Science, and the Geography of Knowledge, by Amy Kittelstrom
  • Bradley, Bluecoats and Tar Heels: Soldiers and Civilians in Reconstruction North Carolina, by Joe A. Mobley
  • Broe, Film Noir, American Workers, and Postwar Hollywood, by Jennifer Fay
  • Brooks, Public Power, Private Dams: The Hells Canyon High Dam Controversy, by Jared Farmer
  • Brooks, Boycotts, Buses, and Passes: Black Women’s Resistance in the U.S. South and South Africa, by Khadijah O. Miller
  • Brown, Upbuilding Black Durham: Gender, Class, and Black Community Development in the Jim Crow South, by John A. Kirk
  • Bruggeman, Here, George Washington Was Born: Memory, Material Culture, and the Public History of a National Monument, by Randall F. Mason
  • Buff, ed., Immigrant Rights in the Shadows of Citizenship, by Caroline Waldron Merithew
  • Burch and Joyner, Unspeakable: The Story of Junius Wilson, by Don Miller
  • Byrd, Captives and Voyagers: Black Migrants across the Eighteenth-Century British Atlantic World, by John K. Thornton
  • Callahan, Work and Faith in the Kentucky Coal Fields: Subject to Dust, by James Hudnut-Beumler
  • Caron, Who Chooses? American Reproductive History since 1830, by Margaret Marsh
  • Casey, The Making of a Catholic President: Kennedy vs. Nixon 1960, by Louis W. Liebovich
  • Cassuto, Hard-Boiled Sentimentality: The Secret History of American Crime Stories, by Peter Okun
  • Catsam, Freedom’s Main Line: The Journey of Reconciliation and the Freedom Rides, by Emilye Crosby
  • Celello, Making Marriage Work: A History of Marriage and Divorce in the Twentieth-Century United States, by Jessica Weiss
  • Chadwick, I Am Murdered: George Wythe, Thomas Jefferson, and the Killing That Shocked a New Nation, by G. S. Rowe
  • Cheng, The Plain and Noble Garb of Truth: Nationalism and Impartiality in American Historical Writing, 1784–1860, by John Michael
  • Chinn, Inventing Modern Adolescence: The Children of Immigrants in Turn-of-the-Century America, by Elizabeth Rose
  • Cobb, Native Activism in Cold War America: The Struggle for Sovereignty, by Alexandra Harmon
  • Collins, Texas Devils: Rangers and Regulars on the Lower Rio Grande, 1846–1861, by Gary Clayton Anderson
  • Cook, Glickman, and O’Malley, eds., The Cultural Turn in U.S. History: Past, Present, and Future, by John J. Pauly
  • Cooper, ed., Reconsidering Woodrow Wilson: Progressivism, Internationalism, War, and Peace, by Peter H. Buckingham
  • Cooper, Jefferson Davis and the Civil War Era, by Michael B. Ballard
  • Critchley, The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia, 1891–1931, by James D. Calder
  • Davidson, Armchair Warriors: Private Citizens, Popular Press, and the Rise of American Power, by Benjamin L. Alpers
  • Desmond and Moore, Darwin’s Sacred Cause: How a Hatred of Slavery Shaped Darwin’s Views on Human Evolution, by Edward Caudill
  • Deutsch, Inventing America’s “Worst” Family: Eugenics, Islam, and the Fall and Rise of the Tribe of Ishmael, by Susan Currell
  • Diner, We Remember with Reverence and Love: American Jews and the Myth of Silence after the Holocaust, 1945–1962, by Henry L. Feingold
  • Dorwart, Invasion and Insurrection: Security, Defense, and War in the Delaware Valley, 1621–1815, by Francis D. Cogliano
  • Dreisinger, Near Black: White-to-Black Passing in American Culture, by Carol Wilson
  • Edwards, The People and Their Peace: Legal Culture and the Transformation of Inequality in the Post-Revolutionary South, by Donna J. Spindel
  • Eller, Uneven Ground: Appalachia since 1945, by Durwood Dunn
  • Falk, Architecture and Artifacts of the Pennsylvania Germans: Constructing Identity in Early America, by LaVern J. Rippley
  • Fanning, Through an Uncommon Lens: The Life and Photography of F. Holland Day, by Miles Orvell
  • Fatherly, Gentlewomen and Learned Ladies: Women and Elite Formation in Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia, by Daniel Kilbride
  • Fejes, Gay Rights and Moral Panic: The Origins of America’s Debate on Homosexuality, by William B. Turner
  • Finley, Delaying the Dream: Southern Senators and the Fight against Civil Rights, 1938–1965, by Clive Webb
  • Fischer, Nackenoff, and Chmielewski, eds., Jane Addams and the Practice of Democracy, by Daniel Levine
  • Fornieri and Gabbard, eds., Lincoln’s America, 1809–1865, by Glenn W. LaFantasie
  • García, Católicos: Resistance and Affirmation in Chicano Catholic History, by Steven M. Avella
  • Gardner, The Long Road to Baghdad: A History of U.S. Foreign Policy from the 1970s to the Present, by Peter L. Hahn
  • Gillon, The Pact: Bill Clinton, Newt Gingrich, and the Rivalry That Defined a Generation, by Jim Kuypers
  • Giltner, Hunting and Fishing in the New South: Black Labor and White Leisure after the Civil War, by Jeanette Keith
  • Goldstein, American Blacklist: The Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations, by Landon Storrs
  • Green, Military Education and the Emerging Middle Class in the Old South, by Susannah J. Ural
  • Greene, Horses at Work: Harnessing Power in Industrial America, by Kevin J. Crisman
  • Greene and Morgan, eds., Atlantic History: A Critical Appraisal, by Alan L. Karras
  • Greene, The Canal Builders: Making America’s Empire at the Panama Canal, by Alan McPherson
  • Gross, What Blood Won’t Tell: A History of Race on Trial in America, by Jeannine Marie DeLombard
  • Grow, “Liberty to the Downtrodden”: Thomas L. Kane, Romantic Reformer, by James D. Bratt
  • Hall, Conceiving Parenthood: American Protestantism and the Spirit of Reproduction, by Stephen Hart
  • Hamburger, Law and Judicial Duty, by Herbert A. Johnson
  • Herzberg, Happy Pills in America: From Miltown to Prozac, by Lorna Ronald
  • Hoffer, The Historians’ Paradox: The Study of History in Our Time, by Terry Crowley
  • Honey, Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign, by Stewart Burns
  • Hoogenboom, Gustavus Vasa Fox of the Union Navy: A Biography, by Michael J. Bennett
  • Hornsby-Gutting, Black Manhood and Community Building in North Carolina, 1900–1930, by Randal Maurice Jelks
  • Huber, Linthead Stomp: The Creation of Country Music in the Piedmont South, by David Stricklin
  • Hudson and Davies, eds., Ronald Reagan and the 1980s: Perceptions, Policies, Legacies, by David Henry
  • Humphreys, Francis Butler Simkins: A Life, by Sean R. Busick
  • Jackson, Becoming King: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Making of a National Leader, by Michael Keith Honey
  • Jameson and McManus, eds., One Step over the Line: Toward a History of Women in the North American Wests, by Sandra K. Schackel
  • Johnson, All the Way with lbj: The 1964 Presidential Election, by James R. Sweeney
  • Kaestle and Radway, eds., A History of the Book in America, vol. 4: Print in Motion; The Expansion of Publishing and Reading in the United States, 1880–1940, by James L. Baughman
  • Kane, Between Virtue and Power: The Persistent Moral Dilemma of U.S. Foreign Policy, by Frank Ninkovich
  • Kaufman, The Origins of Canadian and American Political Differences, by Claire Parham
  • Kean, Desegregating Private Higher Education in the South: Duke, Emory, Rice, Tulane, and Vanderbilt, by Sonya Ramsey
  • Keller, Triumph of Order: Democracy and Public Space in New York and London, by Wilbur R. Miller
  • Kiffmeyer, Reformers to Radicals: The Appalachian Volunteers and the War on Poverty, by Richard P. Mulcahy
  • Kirsch, Golf in America, by Catherine M. Lewis
  • Knott, Sensibility and the American Revolution, by Andrew Burstein
  • Koeppel, Bond of Union: Building the Erie Canal and the American Empire, by Justin Nordstrom
  • Koszarski, Hollywood on the Hudson: Film and Television in New York from Griffith to Sarnoff, by Saverio Giovacchini
  • Ladd, Autophobia: Love and Hate in the Automotive Age, by Tom McCarthy
  • Lederer, Flesh and Blood: Organ Transplantation and Blood Transfusion in Twentieth-Century America, by Caroline Hannaway
  • Lindman, Bodies of Belief: Baptist Community in Early America, by Carla Gardina Pestana
  • Lucsko, The Business of Speed: The Hot Rod Industry in America, 1915–1990, by Christopher W. Wells
  • Luhr, Witnessing Suburbia: Conservatives and Christian Youth Culture, by John G. Turner
  • Luis-Brown, Waves of Decolonization: Discourses of Race and Hemispheric Citizenship in Cuba, Mexico, and the United States, by Franklin W. Knight
  • Macías, Mexican American Mojo: Popular Music, Dance, and Urban Culture in Los Angeles, 1935–1968, by Ruth Glasser
  • MacKell, Red Light Women of the Rocky Mountains, by Anne M. Butler
  • Magnuson, The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder: And Other True Stories from the Nebraska–Pine Ridge Border Towns, by W. David Baird
  • Maloy, The Colonial American Origins of Modern Democratic Thought, by J. C. D. Clark
  • Marsh and Ronner, The Fertility Doctor: John Rock and the Reproductive Revolution, by Leslie J. Reagan
  • Marten, ed., Children and Youth in a New Nation, by Darcy R. Fryer
  • Materson, For the Freedom of Her Race: Black Women and Electoral Politics in Illinois, 1877–1932, by Catherine Oglesby
  • Mergen, Weather Matters: An American Cultural History since 1900, by Gary Kroll
  • Michael, Identity and the Failure of America: From Thomas Jefferson to the War on Terror, by Van Gosse
  • Miller, Ireland and Irish America: Culture, Class, and Transatlantic Migration, by Michael F. Funchion
  • Milner and O’Connor, As Big as the West: The Pioneer Life of Granville Stuart, by David Dary
  • Monnett, Where a Hundred Soldiers Were Killed: The Struggle for the Powder River Country in 1866 and the Making of the Fetterman Myth, by James W. Oberly
  • Murphy, Prodigal Nation: Moral Decline and Divine Punishment from New England to 9/11, by David W. Kling
  • Neem, Creating a Nation of Joiners: Democracy and Civil Society in Early National Massachussets, by L. Diane Barnes
  • Nelson, Bad for Democracy: How the Presidency Undermines the Power of the People, by Donald L. Robinson
  • Nichols, Red Gentlemen and White Savages: Indians, Federalists, and the Search for Order on the American Frontier, by Colin G. Calloway
  • Norrell, Up from History: The Life of Booker T. Washington, by Karen Ferguson
  • Olliff, ed., The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, by Glenn Feldman
  • Olmstead and Rhode, Creating Abundance: Biological Innovation and American Agricultural Development, by Jack Kloppenburg
  • Olmsted, Real Enemies: Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy, World War I to 9/11, by Darren Mulloy
  • Opie, Hog and Hominy: Soul Food from Africa to America, by Elizabeth Engelhardt
  • Opie, Virtual America: Sleepwalking through Paradise, by Kevin C. Armitage
  • özyurt, Obama: Bir Kusursuz Firtina (Obama: A perfect storm), by Lerna Yanik
  • Parascandola, Sex, Sin, and Science: A History of Syphilis in America, by Susan L. Smith
  • Pascoe, What Comes Naturally: Miscegenation Law and the Making of Race in America, by Elise Lemire
  • Peretti, Lift Every Voice: The History of African American Music, by Harvey G. Cohen
  • Perry, Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883–1918, by Jonathan M. Hansen
  • Phillips-Fein, Invisible Hands: The Making of the Conservative Movement from the New Deal to Reagan, by Kenneth Heineman
  • Pomeroy, The American Far West in the Twentieth Century, by Robert D. Johnston
  • Prutsch, Creating Good Neighbors? Die Kultur- und Wirtschaftspolitik der usa in Lateinamerika, 1940–1946 (Creating good neighbors? American cultural and economic foreign politics in Latin America, 1940–1946), by Dirk Bonker
  • Reid, Legislating the Courts: Judicial Dependence in Early National New Hampshire, by Daniel R. Mandell
  • Richard, The Golden Age of the Classics in America: Greece, Rome, and the Antebellum United States, by William W. Cutler III
  • Roche, ed., The Political Culture of the New West, by John C. Putman
  • Ross, War on the Run: The Epic Story of Robert Rogers and the Conquest of America’s First Frontier, by Guy Chet
  • Sander, Mary Elizabeth Garrett: Society and Philanthrophy in the Gilded Age, by Christine Woyshner
  • Savage, Your Spirits Walk Beside Us: The Politics of Black Religion, by James B. Bennett
  • Seigel, Uneven Encounters: Making Race and Nation in Brazil and the United States, by George Reid Andrews
  • Sharkey, American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire, by Lisa Joy Pruitt
  • Shuck-Hall, Journey to the West: The Alabama and Coushatta Indians, by Mary E. Young
  • Sibley, First Lady Florence Harding: Behind the Tragedy and Controversy, by Susan Roth Breitzer
  • Smith, Gothic Arches, Latin Crosses: Anti-Catholicism and American Church Designs in the Nineteenth Century, by David R. Contosta
  • Snell, ed., Unknown Soldiers: The American Expeditionary Forces in Memory and Remembrance, by Jay Winter
  • Stamps and Stamps, Salt City and Its Black Community: A Sociological Study of Syracuse, New York, by Gerald Smith
  • Stoll, Samuel Adams: A Life, by Paul A. Gilje
  • Swoboda and Whisenhunt, eds., trans. by Swoboda, A Russian Paints America: The Travels of Pavel P. Svin’in, 1811–1813, by Carol Soltis
  • Taubenfeld, Rough Writing: Ethnic Authorship in Theodore Roosevelt’s America, by Eugene M. Tobin
  • Thomson, The Young Charles Darwin, by Edward Caudill
  • Varon, Disunion! The Coming of the American Civil War, 1789–1859, by Jacob Katz Cogan
  • Vuckovic, Voices from Haskell: Indian Students between Two Worlds, 1884–1928, by Wilbert H. Ahern
  • Wainstock, Malcolm X, African American Revolutionary, by Alan Bloom
  • Waldrep, African Americans Confront Lynching: Strategies of Resistance from the Civil War to the Civil Rights Era, by Dominic J. Capeci Jr.
  • Walker, A Noble Fight: African American Freemasonry and the Struggle for Democracy in America, by Maurice O. Wallace
  • Weiss, Fruits of Victory: The Woman’s Land Army of America in the Great War, by Rebecca Sharpless
  • West, The Last Indian War: The Nez Perce Story, by Richard W. Etulain
  • Whissel, Picturing American Modernity: Traffic, Technology, and the Silent Cinema, by Andre Millard
  • Wilkison, Yeomen, Sharecroppers, and Socialists: Plain Folk Protest in Texas, 1870–1914, by Joseph Michael Phillips
  • Winchell, Good Girls, Good Food, Good Fun: The Story of uso Hostesses during World War II, by Judy Barrett Litoff
  • Wittern-Keller and Haberski, The Miracle Case: Film Censorship and the Supreme Court, by Whitney Strub
  • Worster, A Passion for Nature: The Life of John Muir, by Adam M. Sowards
  • Young, Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor, by Linda Frost

Movie Reviews

  • Milk in the Land: Ballad of an American Drink, by Richard P. Horwitz (pp. 942–44) Read online >
  • Yoo-Hoo, Mrs. Goldberg, by Lester D. Friedman (pp. 944–46) Read online >
  • Thrilla in Manila, by Daniel A. Nathan (pp. 946–48) Read online >
  • For the Love of Movies: The Story of American Film Criticism, by Dana Polan (pp. 948–49) Read online >

Web Site reviews

Web site Reviews are available without a subscription.

  • Remembered and Reclaimed, by Barclay Key (pp. 950–51) Read online >
  • Black Loyalists: Our History, Our People, by Madeline Burnside (pp. 951–52) Read online >
  • Drawing the Western Frontier: The James E. Taylor Album, by Louis Warren (pp. 952–53) Read online >
  • Taking the Wheel: Manufacturers’ Catalogs from the First Decade of American Automobiles, by David Blanke (pp. 953–54) Read online >
  • Virginia Schools in the Great Depression, by Warren R. Hofstra (pp. 954–55) Read online >

Letters to the Editor


Recent Scholarship

View “Recent Scholarship” listing online >

Recent Scholarship is available as a searchable database, Recent Scholarship Online >

cover image

On the cover:

The California Department of Corrections (cdc) promoted fire fighting as a means to preserve the western landscape and transform prisoners from wards of the state into examples of masculine strength and courage. Titled “Save Resources—Help Themselves,” this full-page photo in the cdc’s biennial progress report for 1959–1960 openly advertised the risks and dangers prisoners encountered on the fire line. Reprinted from California Department of Corrections, Biennial Report: Correctional Progress, 1959, 1960 (Sacramento, 1960), 13. Courtesy California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. See Volker Janssen, “When the ‘Jungle’ Met the Forest: Public Work, Civil Defense, and Prison Camps in Postwar California,” p. 702.

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